Before the ceasefire, after the 22-day war, on September 18, 1965, Russian Prime Minister (then Soviet) Alexei Kosygin offered “his good services for improving relations between India and Pakistan.” This was brought to the attention of the House of Representatives, where MPs who cut over partisan divides supported the ceasefire, but some of them wanted India to retain the Haji Pir passport that the army recently conquered to avoid infiltration. MEPs had foreseen that both countries would have to use the positions they had before the hostilities in all negotiations. Among the outstanding parliamentarians who congratulated the Prime Minister, Acharya J.B Kripalani and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit. Pandit, elected by his famous brother in the Lok Sabha, said: “The story of Pakistan`s treachery and deception… It is shameful, but we are now a proud people, because we have given ambiguity… I`d love to… “the Prime Minister`s courageous leadership in this crisis.” This was the time when the Soviet Union wanted Pakistan not to join the Chinese camp and was therefore ready to continue playing with Pakistan despite its close relations with the United States. Z A Bhutto, Pakistan`s foreign minister, paid a visit to the Soviet Union, followed by Ayub in April 1965. Several trade and economic cooperations were signed and a cultural agreement was signed in June 1965. Ayub found the strategic environment in Pakistan`s favor and releezed its powers to find a military solution to the Kashmir issue. Ayub was encouraged by the fact that during the invasion of the Kutch Rann, China supported Pakistan and the United Kingdom supported Rann of Kutch Agreement gave Pakistan hope that international pressure would prevail over India. The Soviet Union originally saw India as the instrument of Britain`s imperialist power.
The Soviet Union, after Stalin began to turn positively towards India when it realized that it was not an ally of the United States. The Soviet Union supported India`s policy at the Panchshila base after the Bandung Conference. During this period, the Sino-Soviet division had also emerged, which was a key development during the Cold War. After 1956, when Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin`s legacy, China and the USSR gradually departed from Marxist ideology. In 1960, Prime Minister Khrushchev called Mao Zedong a “nationalist, adventurous and deviant,” calling Mao Khrushchev a Marxist revisionist and calling him “patriarchal, arbitrary and tyrannical.”